Journal of the Indian Academy of Geriatrics

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3--8

Study the co-relation between SpO2 and radiological and biochemical markers with the severity and outcome in geriatric Covid-19 patients


Selvanathan Sumathi1, Shanthimalar Ramalingam2, Jayalakshmi Ramasamy3, Getrude Banumathy4, Sony Solomon5, Praveena Veer5 
1 Assistant Professor Geriatrics, Chengalpattu Medical College, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Dean Chengalpattu Medical College, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Associate Professor, General Medicine, Chengalpattu Medical College, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Associate Professor, Community Medicine, Chengalpattu Medical College, Tamil Nadu, India
5 Post Graduate, General Medicine, Chengalpattu Medical College, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Selvanathan Sumathi
Asst. Professor of Geriatrics, Chengalpattu Medical College, Chengalpattu, Tamil Nadu
India

Background: Pandemics are natural calamities, which humans have been encountering since time im-memorial. The world has witnessed and endured several pandemics like from Justinian Plague to Spanish Flu. The 21st century has already witnessed three major pandemics like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome in 2002, Middle East Respiratory syndrome in 2012 and at present COVID-19. The first case of COVID-19 was reported in Wuhan, Hubein Province in Dec 2019. The first case of COVID-19 was reported in Kerala on 30th January 2020. COVID-19 virus is a single stranded RNA Virus and resembles SARS -2 virus and hence the name SARS -COV 2. There has been a report of around 34 million cases with 1 million deaths. Majority of the deaths occur in the elderly population as they have immunosenescence and multiple comorbidities. Hence a study aiming at analysis of correlation between SpO2, radiological and biochemical markers is essential in management of COVID 19 in elderly. Aims & Objectives: To study the correlation between SpO2 and radiological features in X ray and CT Chest and biochemical markers with the severity and outcome in geriatric patients. Study Period: April 2020 to September 2020, Duration: 6 months. Study Centre: Chengalpattu Medical College, Tamilnadu. Inclusion Criteria: RT PCR positive Covid 19 patients more than 60 years of age. Exclusion Criteria: Covid 19 patients less than 60 years, RT PCR Negative patients. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of records of 300 Covid 19 patients, aged more than 60 years hospitalized in Chengalpattu Medical College during April to September 2020 was done and biochemical parameters mentioned below were corelated with features in CXR and CT Chest RTPCR positive spo2 and analysis with severity of disease and outcome was done. Results and Discussion: On retrospective analysis of records of elderly Covid 19 patients, it was observed that the elderly could be graded as mild, moderate and severe based on clinical criteria. Radiological parameters co-relating in the same group classified as mild, moderate and severe could be derived and could be used for assessment of patients. Similarly, it was observed that the biochemical parameters of D- Dimer, C reactive protein, Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio correlated most significantly in that order with the clinical severity of disease and hence could be used as useful tools for assessment of severity of patients and the ranges corelating with severity could be derived. Conclusion: Analyzing SpO2, radiological features, biochemical parameters individually and in combination with clinical severity and outcome in elderly patients helps in deriving biochemical and radiological parameters to predict severity which in turn helps in a holistic approach and right management at the right time preventing or reducing mortality due to Covid 19 in the elderly.


How to cite this article:
Sumathi S, Ramalingam S, Ramasamy J, Banumathy G, Solomon S, Veer P. Study the co-relation between SpO2 and radiological and biochemical markers with the severity and outcome in geriatric Covid-19 patients.J Indian Acad Geriatr 2022;18:3-8


How to cite this URL:
Sumathi S, Ramalingam S, Ramasamy J, Banumathy G, Solomon S, Veer P. Study the co-relation between SpO2 and radiological and biochemical markers with the severity and outcome in geriatric Covid-19 patients. J Indian Acad Geriatr [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Aug 9 ];18:3-8
Available from: http://www.jiag.com/article.asp?issn=0974-3405;year=2022;volume=18;issue=1;spage=3;epage=8;aulast=Sumathi;type=0