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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-32

Abuse among Elderly in a Rural Area of Purba-Bardhaman District: A Cross-sectional Study

1 Junior Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan, India
3 Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan, India

Correspondence Address:
S Naskar
41, Shibpur Road, 2nd Floor, Flat- 201, PO and PS: Shibpur, Hworah, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.35262/jiag.v15i1.27-32

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Background: Aging is increasingly recognized as a health and social problem with challenges on family and the society. The present study aimed at assessing prevalence and types of abuse among elderly and the various associated factors. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from June to November 2018 among elderly persons (≥ 60 years) in a community developmental block of Purba-Bardhaman district, West Bengal. Based on required assumptions (50% prevalence, 15% relative error, design effect of 2 and 10% non-response) a total sample of 378 was selected through multistage sampling. With prior informed consent, data were collected using a predesigned - pretested schedule prepared with the help of Hwalek-Sengstock Elder Abuse Screening Test (H-S EAST) tool. A multivariable logistic regression model was generated using the SPSS software. Results: Among 371 subjects studied mean age was 67.39 (±6.063) years, 51.8% were females. Overall 11.9% (44) of elderly were found to be abused and prevalence of elderly abuse among females and males were 13.5% and 10.1% respectively. Psychological abuse was most frequent (95.5%) followed by neglect (84.1%). financial exploitation (52.3%) and physical abuse was least (9.1%). Among the various factors studied, living without spouse [AOR =2.690 (1.355-5.340)] and without social-security support [AOR =4.982 (1.449-17.126)] were found to be significantly associated with elderly abuse. Conclusion: Elderly populations in this study area are vulnerable to abuse and adequate social security support might reduce elderly abuse.

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