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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 17-25

A Study of Common Dermatoses among the Geriatric Patients in Salem; a Region of South India


1 Postgraduate student; Department of Skin & STD, Vinayaka Mission Kirupanandha Variyar Medical College & Hospital, Salem, India
2 Associate Professor; Department of Skin & STD, Vinayaka Mission Kirupanandha Variyar Medical College & Hospital, Salem, India
3 Professor; Department of Skin & STD, Vinayaka Mission Kirupanandha Variyar Medical College & Hospital, Salem, India
4 Assistant Professor; Department of Skin & STD, Vinayaka Mission Kirupanandha Variyar Medical College & Hospital, Salem, India

Correspondence Address:
Seethalakshmi Ganga Vellaisamy
11, Mullai Nagar, Near Chandra mahal, Seelanai-ckenpatty Salem-636 201, Tamilnadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Introduction: Ageing is an irreversible and continuous process which results in a decline of functioning in all systems including the skin, thereby predisposing the elderly persons to develop various skin ailments. Proper knowledge of different dermatoses prevalent in this population in different geographic regions help the health care providers in better health care policymaking. Objective: The present study was conducted to delineate the spectrum of various dermatoses and the factors contributing to those dermatoses amongst the geriatric patients in a Tertiary care hospital, Salem. Material and Method: This was a cross-sectional prospective study, conducted in Dermatology Out-Patient department in a tertiary care hospital between March 2015 and June 2016. A total of 250 patients of age sixty years and above were included in the study. They were examined for diseases of the skin and appendages. Data were coded and analyzed. Results: Almost 84 types of skin lesions were identified among the geriatric age group. Nail disorders (48.8%), Degenerative conditions (42.4%) and Eczema (29.2%) occupied the top three common dermatoses in our study. Regarding specific disorders loss of nail lusture (17.6%) was the most common dermatoses followed by Allergic contact dermatitis (16%), Seborrhoeic keratosis (14.8%), Pruritus (12%) and Fungal infections (11.6%). Conclusion: Nail disorders(48.8%), Degenerative conditions(42.4%), and eczema(29.2%) occupied the top three common dermatoses in our geriatric study population.


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